How to know if you have Diabetes ?
How to know if you have Diabetes?
Most early symptoms are so mild that you don't notice them. That's especially true of type 2 diabetes. Some people don't find out they have it until they get problems from long-term damage caused by the disease.
With type 1 diabetes, the symptoms usually happen quickly, in a matter of days or a few weeks. They're much more severe, too.
Both types of diabetes have some of the same telltale warning signs.
Frequent Urination & Thirst
Normally your body reabsorbs glucose as it passes through your kidneys. But when diabetes pushes your blood sugar up, your kidneys may not be able to bring it all back in. This causes the body to make more urine, and that takes fluids.
The average person usually has to urinate between four and seven times in 24 hours, but people with diabetes may go a lot more. This makes you get very thirsty. When you drink more, you'll also urinate more.
Hunger and fatigue
Your body converts the food you eat into glucose that your cells use for energy. But your cells need insulin to bring the glucose in.
If your body doesn't make enough or any insulin, or if your cells resist the insulin your body makes, the glucose can't get into them and you have no energy. This can make you more hungry and tired than usual.
Dry mouth and itchy skin
Because your body is using fluids to make pee, there's less moisture for other things.
You could get dehydrated, and your mouth may feel dry. Dry skin can make you itchy.
Changing fluid levels in your body could make the lenses in your eyes swell up.
They change shape and lose their ability to focus.
Slow-healing sores or cuts. Over time, high blood sugar can affect your blood flow and cause nerve damage that makes it hard for your body to heal wounds.
Pain or numbness in your feet or legs. This is another result of nerve damage.
Unplanned weight loss
If your body can't get energy from your food, it will start burning muscle and fat for energy instead.
You may lose weight even though you haven't changed how you eat.